View it in your browser MARCH Newsletter 2019
 
What do you want from your birth control? Factors to consider
Aticle Banner There are many forms of birth control, some of the most popular include:
  • Surgical sterilization - This is usually the best choice for couple seeking a permanent birth control solution. For women, tubal ligation prevents eggs from moving to the uterus. For men, a vasectomy procedure prevents sperm from leaving the body.
  • Condoms - Whenever sexually transmitted disease is a concern, condoms should be used. Male condoms are most effective, but female condoms offer some protection. Both types should not be used together due to risk of breakage.
  • Cervical cap, sponge, diaphragm - These and similar devices are simple and economical. They have varying rates of effectiveness, which can be increased when spermicide is also used. Like condoms, they must be replaced every time.
  • Patch, pill, shots, vaginal ring - These are various methods of administering birth control medications. They are maintained on a schedule, ranging from daily (if you are taking pills) to monthly (replacing vaginal rings). These methods are more convenient than single-use birth control, but can easily be discontinued.
  • Implant, IUD (intrauterine device) - These semi-permanent methods provide consistent protection for years, without sterilization.
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Periods twice a month-should I be concerned?
Menstruation is a once-a-month process: that’s why it’s called monthly periods, right? But there are instances where some women experience the cycle twice a month and under quite normal circumstances. The menstrual cycle could last from two to seven days and the time between two cycles could be 21 to 35 days. Sometimes, a shorter gap is quite possible, in which instance, a woman would experience two cycles per month. Irregular bleeding is experienced by 40 to 60 percent of women at some point in their lives. It could have many different causes and different implications depending on age, medical history, and family history.

Some of the potential reasons why a woman could experience bleeding twice a month include the following:
  • If birth control pills or injections are missed, the abrupt withdrawal of hormones could result in bleeding
  • Pregnancy
  • Benign lesions or tumors growing in the uterus like polyps or fibroids and the resultant hormonal issues
  • Vaginal and cervical infections or inflammations
  • An underactive or overactive thyroid gland
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome, a hormonal imbalance affecting between 8 and 20 percent of women, which is a result of less frequent or non-existent ovulation
  • Precancerous or cancerous cells in the uterus and cervix
  • High levels of stress
  • Interference to the circadian rhythm, like changing time zones through traveling, or night shifts
  • Perimenopause or the early stages of menopause
  • Rapid weight changes and excessive exercise
These reasons could mean different things—some of them quite harmless—but it’s best to see a gynecologist if a woman experiences irregular bleeding.
What does a Pap test do?
Cervical cancer is common among women nowadays. If detected early, it can be treated successfully.

How is detection done? With a Pap smear or Pap test, a procedure through which cells can be collected from the cervix. The advantage of this test is that it can also detect changes in cervical cells that may point to cancer in the future. Detecting abnormal cells early with a Pap smear will place you on the right path in fighting cancer.

A woman should begin Pap testing in consultation with her obstetrician-gynecologist, who would generally recommend that she start testing from 21. The ob-gyn would decide how often a Pap should be performed—every three years is normally recommended for women between the ages of 21 and 65.

The test is usually carried out alongside a pelvic exam. Women who are older than 30 will generally be asked to combine the Pap with a test for human papillomavirus (HPV), a common sexually transmitted infection that can also cause cervical cancer. Testing every five years is advised. In some cases, the HPV test may replace the Pap smear.

Specific risk factors place a woman in line to have Pap smears more often, regardless of age. These may be any of the following:
  • A Pap smear showing precancerous cells or a cervical cancer diagnosis
  • HIV infection
  • Smoking
  • Exposure to diethylstilbestrol before birth
  • Having an immune system weakened as a result of an organ transplant, chemotherapy or use of chronic corticosteroids
It’s important that a woman keeps in touch with her ob-gyn on a regular basis to ensure optimum health.
 


Every girl should start receiving well-woman care by 13 or 14 years of age so that they can reach their best potential without health issues. Call 855-346-8610 today.
 


Ultrasound scans during pregnancy are not compulsory, but most women prefer to have them to prepare and be assured of a healthy pregnancy. Check us out www.jenkinsobgyn.com for options.
 


Severe symptoms could mean hyperemesis gravidarum, which needs medical attention. Treatment varies depending on severity, so it’s important to consult your ob-gyn www.jenkinsobgyn.com.
 
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Jenkins Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Medicine
23535 Kingsland Boulevard, Katy, TX 77494
Phone: +1 855-346-8610
Website: www.jenkinsobgyn.com
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